Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
Liszt was a Hungarian composer and virtuoso pianist and considered by most to be the greatest pianist in history. Liszt made progressive changes to the world of music and changed the way music was to be perceived in the future. He originated the piano recital and the symphonic poem, both of which found universal adoption. At a young age Liszt enjoyed a tremendous popularity rivaling that of present day rock stars. He also retired young and spent the remainder of his days dedicated primarily to music, teaching and religion. Liszt contracted pneumonia in 1886 and passed away on July 31.
Fun fact: Liszt was the first person ever documented to use music as therapy after visiting sick and demoralized patients. He is also considered the first and greatest musical philanthropist, raising funds for national disasters, charities and the Beethoven monument.